Hundreds of people joined demonstrations across the country on Thursday 11th November 2021, demanding that the rich be taxed, climate reform, and for a basic income grant to be implemented.
The actions, under the coalition called Cry of the Xcluded, were held as Minister of Finance Enoch Godongwana presented the Medium Term Budget Policy Statement (MTBPS) on Thursday.
The protests and pickets were held in – amongst others – Cape Town – with a large contingent outside Parliamen -, Johannesburg, Gqeberha, Mbombela and Bloemfontein to put pressure on Treasury and Government to create a pro-people’s budget framework.
The singing of struggle songs was punctuated by the banging of empty pots and pans, giving visibility to the slogan: “We are hungry, we are angry.”
Organisations that supported the nationwide mobilisation included 1000 Women Trust, Assembly of the Unemployed, Fight Inequality Alliance, Black Sash, Sonke Gender Justice, Ubuntu Rural Women, Bothsabelo Unemployed People’s Movement, Back2Workd Campaign and many others.
In its memorandum, Cry of the Xcluded said, “The money put aside for local government is being slashed. Even municipal workers’ multi-year increments are being denied. With even less money provided to local governments from the national government, municipalities will be forced to increase the prices of rates, water, and electricity. More people will be Xcluded, service delivery will get even worse, and we get closer and closer to a climate disaster.” (Source; www.groundup.org.za, 11th November 2021).
In Gqeberha, about 100 health workers and human rights organisations marched from Nelson Mandela Bay’s Lillian Diedrick Building to the City Hall in the city centre. Some of their placards read, “Basic income grant now”, “End budget cuts’ and “Food for people, not for profit” while some people carried empty pots to symbolise how many families are going hungry.
Among their demands, marchers called for a basic income grant of R1,500 for 18 to 59 year-olds without a stable income as well as permanent employment for workers in public sectors like health.
Community health worker, Vuyiswa Mahlangabeza, who joined the march, said she has worked at different clinics in Motherwell since 1992. She said that their stipend of R3,500 per month is not enough to sustain their families. “We want permanent jobs now,” she said. (Source: www.groundup.org.za, 11th November 2021).
Mahlangabeza accused the government of exploiting community health workers by failing to employ them permanently. “We walk to several homes every week and they don’t even offer us motorbikes. At households, we check people’s high blood pressure, do HIV and other tests, and refer patients to the clinic. At the clinic, they let us wash the floors because of staff shortages, instead of employing people for the job. We are all-rounders.”
While addressing the group, Siyabulela Mama from Cry of the Xcluded said, “Every week, about ten million people go to bed hungry. Out of these, three million are children. We are here to say that when [Minister Godongwana] delivers his speech, he must stop budget cuts. He must tax the rich.”
In Cape Town, a large group marched from the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) building to Parliament before heading to the Civic Centre. They demanded the implementation of the multi-year wage increase agreement, a moratorium on disciplinary hearings due to alleged inconsistencies. They also want the City of Cape Town to fill 10,000 permanent “lower-level” vacancies and to insource contracted workers, among other things. (Source: www.groundup.org.za, 11th November 2021).
Outside the CCMA, the group handed over a memorandum of demands to Senior Commissioner Vusumzi Landu who promised to respond to some of the demands by Monday.
At Parliament, Chulumanco Nkasela from Fight Inequality said, “We need a budget that works for the people, the unemployed, the poor and the destitute in this country. Not a budget that further enriches those who are already rich.”
Nkasela said they want the budget to include better provisions for the Department of Basic and Higher Education and Training. “The deadlines for the Minimum Norms and Standards of school infrastructure have been missed since 2013. It’s clearly a struggle. We still have learners drowning in pit latrines, studying and learning under trees and in mud classrooms. With higher education, students need to be better funded. A people’s budget would address those issues.” (Source: www.groundup.org.za, 11th November 2021).
Outside of Parliament, the memorandum was signed by Deputy Director-General of Corporate Services, Stadi Mngomezulu, who said he would pass it on to Minister Godongwana.
In a separate picket outside Parliament, 20 members of civil society organisations including the Black Sash held up placards, demanding that the Covid-19 Social Relief of Distress (SRD) grant be increased from R350 to be in line with the current Food Poverty Line which stands at R624 per person per month.
The picket was also joined by the Solomon Tshuku Advice Centre, Ubuntu Rural Women and Youth Movement, and Girls Potential Unlimited.
Amanda Mamase of Girls Potential Unlimited said, “People lost their jobs [during the pandemic] and are battling to find work.” She said that the R350 was not even enough to buy a basic food basket of mielie pap, flour, sugar, and oil. (Source: www.groundup.org.za, 11th November 2021).
Despite a tax revenue windfall and growing calls ahead of the mid-term budget for the introduction of a new basic income grant (BIG) for unemployed workers, finance minister Godongwana did not give the idea much airtime in his debut medium-term budget policy statement speech on Thursday.
He did not specifically mention the BIG proposal. The finance minister did point out that “details” on the government’s interventions with regards to the social security net will be provided in the February 2020 Budget. (Source: Mail and Guardian, 12th November 2021).